Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category

“US Congress is trying to define what artificial intelligence actually means”

December 13, 2017

https://qz.com/1154491/us-congress-is-trying-to-define-what-artificial-intelligence-actually-means/

Excerpt:

As with any legislation, the proposed bill defines key terms. In this, we have a look at how the federal government might one day classify artificial intelligence. Here are the five definitions given:
A) Any artificial systems that perform tasks under varying and unpredictable circumstances, without significant human oversight, or that can learn from their experience and improve their performance. Such systems may be developed in computer software, physical hardware, or other contexts not yet contemplated. They may solve tasks requiring human-like perception, cognition, planning, learning, communication, or physical action. In general, the more human-like the system within the context of its tasks, the more it can be said to use artificial intelligence.
B) Systems that think like humans, such as cognitive architectures and neural networks.
C) Systems that act like humans, such as systems that can pass the Turing test or other comparable test via natural language processing, knowledge representation, automated reasoning, and learning.
D) A set of techniques, including machine learning, that seek to approximate some cognitive task.
E) Systems that act rationally, such as intelligent software agents and embodied robots that achieve goals via perception, planning, reasoning, learning, communicating, decision-making, and acting.

“France to ban mobile phones in schools from September – – Children will be allowed to bring their phones to school, but not allowed to get them out at any time until they leave, even during breaks.”

December 12, 2017

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/dec/11/france-to-ban-mobile-phones-in-schools-from-september

“Former Facebook exec says social media is ripping apart society – – ‘No civil discourse, no cooperation; misinformation, mistruth.’”

December 12, 2017

https://www.theverge.com/2017/12/11/16761016/former-facebook-exec-ripping-apart-society

“[In 2017] toilets near the Temple of Heaven, one of Beijing’s biggest tourist draws, were fitted with facial-recognition systems designed to prevent thieves from [taking] its loo roll (the technology prevents toilet-paper dispensers from serving each visitor more than once).”

December 11, 2017

https://www.economist.com/news/china/21732135-campaign-improve-public-lavatories-extended-and-expanded-china-plans-one-last-push

“…`general intelligence’, the ability of a computer to perform any human task without being explicitly programmed to do so.”

December 11, 2017

https://www.economist.com/news/business/21732125-tech-giants-are-investing-billions-transformative-technology-google-leads-race